India’s population grew at an average annual rate of 1.2% between 2010 and 2019: UN

India’s population grew at an average annual rate of 1.2% between 2010 and 2019 to reach 1.36 billion, more than double the annual growth rate of China, according to a report by the United Nations Population Fund .

India’s population in 2019 was 1.36 billion, rising from 942.2 million in 1994 to 541.5 million in 1969. India’s population grew at an average annual rate of 1.2% between 2010 and 2019, the United Nations agency for sexual and reproductive health said in the State of the World Population 2019 report.

By comparison, China’s population stood at 1.42 billion in 2019, up from 1.23 billion in 1994 and 803.6 million in 1969. China’s population grew at an average annual rate of 0.5% between 2010 and 2019, according to the report.

Main conclusions

According to the report, India’s total fertility rate per woman was 5.6 in 1969, falling to 3.7 in 1994 and 2.3 in 2019. India also saw an improvement in life expectancy. life at birth. Life expectancy at birth in 1969 was 47 years, increasing to 60 years in 1994 and 69 years in 2019.

Giving an overview of the composition of India’s population in 2019, the report states that 27% of the country’s population were in the age range of 0-14 years and 10-24 years each, while 67% of the country’s population was in the 15- age group. 64 years age group. Six percent of the country’s population was aged 65 and over.

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An indicator of the improvement in the quality of the Indian health system, the report notes that the maternal mortality rate (MMR) in the country fell from 488 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1994 to 174 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1994. 2015.

Focus on women

UNFPA Geneva Director Monica Ferro said the figures were “worrying” and that it was essential to increase the level of consent and access to life-saving health services for millions of women around the world. . “Remember: each of these numbers is a person,” she said.

The findings, for women aged 15 to 49, were first published as part of the United Nations Population Fund’s (UNFP) State of the World Population Report 2019. The report includes, for the first time, data on women’s ability to make decisions in three key areas: sex with their partner, contraceptive use and health care.

According to the analysis, the lack of reproductive and sexual rights has major and negative repercussions on women’s education, income and security, leaving them “unable to shape their own future”.

Early marriage continues to present a major cultural barrier to women’s empowerment and better reproductive rights, according to the UNFPA report. “A girl who gets married at 10 is likely to drop out of school. And because she leaves school, she won’t get the negotiating skills, and she won’t get the specific skills that will then allow her to get a better paying job, ”said Ferro.

The women and girls left behind “are generally poor, rural and less educated,” said Ferro, adding that “two-thirds of all maternal deaths today occur in sub-Saharan Africa”.

In anticipation of future challenges, the UN agency highlights the threat to the reproductive rights of women and girls posed by emergencies caused by conflict or climate disasters.

About 35 million women, girls and young people will need vital sexual and reproductive health services this year, as well as services to address gender-based violence, in humanitarian settings, he warns. “Every day, more than 500 women and girls, including in countries where emergencies are in place, die during pregnancy and childbirth, due to the lack of skilled birth attendants or obstetric procedures. ’emergency,’ Ferro said.

Positive changes

Despite these concerns, the UNFPA report points out that “millions of people” have enjoyed healthier and more productive lives in the 50 years since the agency’s inception, thanks to pressure from civil society and governments to dramatically reduce unwanted pregnancies and maternal deaths.

Highlighting the positive changes over the past half century, the report shows that in 1969 the average number of births per woman was 4.8, compared to 2.9 in 1994 and 2.5 today.

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